The History of Hippie Fashion in the 70s By Emerald Pellot The free-flowing hippie fashion of the s reflected the youth culture's response to the strict mores and conservative values of the s and s.
Its origins can be traced back to classical culture, and to European social movements in the early 20th century i. From aroundits fundamental ethos — including harmony with nature, communal living, artistic experimentation particularly in music, and the widespread use of recreational drugs — spread around the world.
Classical culture The hippie movement has found historical precedents as far back as the Mazdakist movement in Persia, whose leader the Persian reformer Mazdak, advocated communal living, the sharing of resources,vegetarianism and free love.
A article in Time Magazine asserted that the hippie movement has a historical precedent in the counterculture of the Ancient Greeks, espoused by philosophers like Diogenes of Sinope and the Cynics.
Some have pointed to the short-lived Merrymount colony ca allegorically portrayed by Nathaniel Hawthorne as the first 'hippie' experience on the American continent. Many moved to Southern California where they could practice an alternative lifestyle in a warm climate.
In turn, young Americans adopted the beliefs and practices of the new immigrants. One group, called the "Nature Boys", took to the California desert, raised organic food, and espoused a back-to-nature lifestyle.
In contrast to these formal clubs, Wandervogel emphasized amateur music and singing, creative dress, and communal outings involving hiking and camping.
Inspired by the works of Friedrich Nietzsche, Goethe, Hermann Hesse, and Eduard Baltzer, Wandervogel attracted thousands of young Germans who rejected the rapid trend toward urbanization and yearned for the pagan, back-to-nature spiritual life of their ancestors.
Beat Generation The Beat Generation, especially those associated with the San Francisco Renaissance gradually gave way to the Sixties counterculture, accompanied by a shift in terminology from "beatnik" to "hippie.
On the other hand, Jack Kerouac broke with Ginsberg and criticized the s protest movements as an "excuse for spitefulness. Both Leary and Ginsberg were introduced to LSD by Michael Hollingshead in the early s, and both became instrumental in popularizing psychedelic substances to the hippie movement.
Cassady drove the bus for Ken Kesey's Merry Pranksters, and he attempted to recruit Kerouac into their group, but Kerouac angrily rejected the invitation and accused them of attempting to destroy the American culture he celebrated. Ginsberg was also at the infamous Democratic National Convention, and was friends with Abbie Hoffman and other members of the Chicago Seven.
Stylistic differences between beatniks, marked by somber colors, dark shades and goatees, gave way to colorful psychedelic clothing and long hair worn by hippies. While the beats were known for "playing it cool" and keeping a low profile, hippies became known for displaying their individuality.
Written init was published April 28, —two days before its author was killed in a motorcycle crash. Kesey believed that psychedelics were best used as a tool for transforming society as a whole, and believed that if a sufficient percentage of the population had the psychedelic experience then revolutionary social and political changes would occur.
Therefore, they made LSD available to anyone interested in partaking - most famously through the "electric kool-aid" made available at a series of "Acid Tests"; musical and multi-media events where participants were given "acid", the street name for LSD.
The tests were held at various venues in California, and were sometimes advertised with colorful crayoned signs asking "Can you pass the acid test? The young psychedelic music band the Grateful Dead supplied the music during these events. In AprilChandler A. Laughlin III established a kind of tribal, family identity among approximately fifty people who attended a traditional, all-night peyote ceremony which combined a psychedelic experience with traditional Native American spiritual values.
During the summer ofLaughlin recruited much of the original talent that led to a unique amalgam of traditional folk music and the developing psychedelic rock scene. There was no clear delineation between "performers" and "audience" and the music, psychedelic experimentation, unique sense of personal style, and Bill Ham's first primitive light shows combined to create a new sense of community.
Anti-war protests Although there were many diverse groups and elements protesting the US military involvement in Vietnam as it began to escalate, many of the protesters, rightly or wrongly, came to be associated with aspects of the "hippie" movement in the popular view.
A number of them had been highly active in the Civil Rights movement in the first half of the s, traveling across the country to take part in sit-ins and marches against segregation in the South.
The first draft card burnings took place May 12, in New York City. Others followed, including more draft-card burnings in May at the University of California, Berkeley which had already seen a precedent to the subsequent social turmoil, in form of the Free Speech Movementand a coffin was marched to the Berkeley draft board.W.
J. Rorabaugh, professor of History at the University of Washington in Seattle, is the author of American Hippies (Cambridge University Press), which offers a brief overview of the Sixties.
A Brief History of the Counterculture In his introduction to A s communal experiments were deliberately tribal in nature yet yielded a nearly pathological individualism among the hippies. A Brief History Of Hippies Source: Some Killer Stories In the mid s, a never before seen counter-culture blossomed throughout the United States, inciting both the Flower Power movement as well as.
A Brief History of the Counterculture In his introduction to A Freak’s Anthology: The paradoxes of hippie experience are central to understanding how cottage industries, created by.
Hippies were generally dissatisfied with the consensus culture that had developed after the Second World War and wanted to distance themselves from American society (hence the term counterculture).
Introduction. People today are still living off the table scraps of the sixties. They are still being passed around - the music and the ideas.
Bob Dylan () Few authors or researchers have adequately explained the phenomenon of the hippie movement of the s. The ongoing fascination and attraction many have for this period and the hippy.