Search Conservative power However it was not just what the Conservatives did to stay in power between it was their opposition the Labour party. During the years of Conservative power Labour suffered conflict within in the party. The party soon became divided over many issues and resulted the party being split.
The name Conservative was first used as a description of the party by John Wilson Croker writing in the Quarterly Review in The first Conservative government was formed by Sir Robert Peelwhose program, set out in the Tamworth Manifestostressed the timely reform of abuses, the necessity of law and order, an orderly system of taxation, and the importance of both landed interests and trade and industry.
Prospects of an extended period of Conservative rule disappeared in when the party split over the repeal of protectionist regulations known as the Corn Lawsand for most of the next 30 years they were out of government.
The party was reorganized by Benjamin Disraeliprime minister for a few months in and from to The Conservative Central Office, a professional organization established by Disraeli inand the newly formed National Union, which drew together local voluntary associations, gave the party additional unity and strength.
The Conservative Party was further strengthened in when it allied with the Liberal Unionistsa faction of the Liberal Party that opposed the policy of Home Rule in Ireland put forward by the Liberal leader William Ewart Gladstone. Thus reinforced, the Conservatives held office for all but 3 of the next 20 years, first under the leadership of Lord Salisbury and then under Arthur Balfour.
A split over tariff policy caused them to lose the election of in a disastrous landslide, and they did not regain power until they joined a wartime coalition with the Liberals in May In the election ofmost of the candidates elected to support the coalition were Conservatives.
The rebellion owed much to the revulsion felt by many backbenchers toward the Liberal leader and prime minister, David Lloyd Georgeand to their unease over some of the more interventionist reforms introduced by Liberal ministers. A surprise election called in December by Conservative prime minister Stanley Baldwin proved to be a miscalculation that briefly reunited the ailing Liberal Party and opened the way to a minority Labour Party government, though the Conservatives remained the largest single party and were able to regain power the following year.
Apart from another brief Labour administration in —31, the Conservatives dominated national office until Chamberlain was replaced by another Conservative, Winston Churchillwho formed a coalition government with the Labour Party.
Although Churchill led the country to victory in the war, he failed to lead his own party to success in the first postwar election in While in opposition, the party reformed its policies and organization. The party returned to power in and maintained office until Moreover, the party did not seek to reverse the welfare measures nor most of the public ownership of industry that had been introduced by Labour in — The Conservative government did embark on an extensive house-building program and was able to reduce income taxes while increasing spending on the National Health Service.
From to the Conservatives held power alternately with the Labour Party. Under the prime ministership of Edward Heath —74the party pursued policies designed to deregulate finance and industry.
Economic problems led to confrontations with the trade unions, especially the National Union of Miners, and to internal party dissension. Heath called an election in and the party lost, allowing Labour to form a minority government.
After losing a second national election to Labour inHeath was succeeded as party leader by Margaret Thatcherwho during her four years as leader of the opposition —79 frequently stated her determination to pursue deregulation and supply-side economic reforms.
She combined this ambitious economic agenda—which included the privatization of several state-owned industries and the sale of more than 1. His less charismatic political style did not prevent him from winning the general election ofbut he had to contend with a prolonged economic recession, internal party conflict over the question of European integration, and dismally low opinion-poll ratings.
Soon after the elections, Major resigned as party leader. With some potential leaders suddenly ineligible because they had lost their parliamentary seats, William Hagueformer secretary of state for Wales, was elected party leader.
Inunder former home secretary Michael Howard, the Conservatives won some 30 additional seats in the House of Commons but remained well shy of a parliamentary majority. Howard promptly resigned as party leader, and David Cameron presided over the gradual ascent of the Conservatives over the next five years.
Having captured seats in the general election ofthe Conservatives became the largest party in the House of Commons, but their failure to win an outright majority led to a hung Parliament. Conservative and Labour Party leaders met with the Liberal Democrats over the ensuing days in an effort to secure enough seats to form a new government.
In midterm local elections inhowever, neither the Conservatives nor their coalition partners fared well, with the Conservatives losing more than seats in England, Scotland, and Wales. That trend continued in the May elections for the European Parliamentin which the Conservatives lost seven seats to finish not only just behind Labour but in third place; the United Kingdom Independence Party finished in first place.
Opinion polling before the May U. In the event, however, the Conservatives pulled off a stunning victory—winning seats, a gain of 24 seats over their showing in the election—that allowed Cameron to form a majority government.Conservative Party From To Essay.
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After the shock defeat in , the Conservatives recovered well to dominate politics from due to a number of reasons.
The Conservatives regrouped well and the party became united unlike the Labour party where there was disunity. Conservative party, the increasing strength of the critical working-class Tory vote between and appeared to confirm beliefs that conditions of prosperity encouraged conservatism.
Unfortunately, both contemporary political and subsequent historical discussions on the impact of. Apr 09, · A Revision Powerpoint on: As Level History - Britain: Responding To Change Conservatives Sorry for the lack of audio so far, I am working on it .
Check out our top Free Essays on Conservative Government to help you write Search ; Saved Papers ; Free Essays on Conservative Government Search. Thirteen wasted years? Conservative governments Winston Churchill, the leader of the Conservative Party, was in power when the Second World .
Conservative Success and Failure General Observation After their unexpected defeat in , the Conservatives rebuilt their organisation and developed the idea of ‘One Nation’ Conservatism, which accepted the welfare state/5(1).