Frederick douglass in the shackles of slavery

There were differences over states rights vs.

Frederick douglass in the shackles of slavery

Immortalized as the "Great Emancipator," he is widely regarded as a champion of black freedom who supported social equality of the races, and who fought the American Civil War to free the slaves. While it is true that Lincoln regarded slavery as an evil and harmful institution, it is also true, as this paper will show, that he shared the conviction of most Americans of his time, and of many prominent statesmen before and after him, that blacks could not be assimilated into white society.

He rejected the notion of social equality of the races, and held to the view that blacks should be resettled abroad.

As President, he supported projects to remove blacks from the United States. Early Experiences Inat the age of 28, the self-educated Lincoln was admitted to practice law in Illinois.

Frederick douglass in the shackles of slavery

In at least one case, which received considerable attention at the time, he represented a slave-owner. Robert Matson, Lincoln's client, each year brought a crew of slaves from his plantation in Kentucky to a farm he owned in Illinois for seasonal work.

Frederick douglass in the shackles of slavery

State law permitted this, provided that the slaves did not remain in Illinois continuously for a year. InMatson brought to the farm his favorite mulatto slave, Jane Bryant wife of his free, black overseer thereand her four children.

A dispute developed between Jane Bryant and Matson's white housekeeper, who threatened to have Jane and her children returned to slavery in the South.

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With the help of local abolitionists, the Bryants fled. They were apprehended, and, in an affidavit sworn out before a justice of the peace, Matson claimed them as his property.

Lacking the required certificates of freedom, Bryant and the children were confined to local county jail as the case was argued in court. Lincoln lost the case, and Bryant and her children were declared free.

They were later resettled in Liberia. My first impulse would be to free all the slaves, and Frederick douglass in the shackles of slavery them to Liberia, to their own native land. We can not, then, make them equals. There is a natural disgust in the minds of nearly all white people to the idea of indiscriminate amalgamation of the white and black races A separation of the races is the only perfect preventive of amalgamation, but as an immediate separation is impossible, the next best thing is to keep them apart where they are not already together.

If white and black people never get together in Kansas, they will never mix blood in Kansas Racial separation, Lincoln went on to say, "must be effected by colonization" of the country's blacks to a foreign land. Will springs from the two elements of moral sense and self-interest.

Let us be brought to believe it is morally right, and, at the same time, favorable to, or, at least, not against, our interest, to transfer the African to his native clime, and we shall find a way to do it, however great the task may be. To affirm the humanity of blacks, Lincoln continued, was more likely to strengthen public sentiment on behalf of colonization than the Democrats' efforts to "crush all sympathy for him, and cultivate and excite hatred and disgust against him By apparently denying the black person's humanity, supporters of slavery were laying the groundwork for "the indefinite outspreading of his bondage.

Earlier Resettlement Plans The view that America's apparently intractable racial problem should be solved by removing blacks from this country and resettling them elsewhere -- "colonization" or "repatriation" -- was not a new one. As early as a New Jersey man proposed sending blacks to Africa.

In a Virginia legislature committee, headed by future President Thomas Jefferson himself a major slave ownerproposed a plan of gradual emancipation and resettlement of the state's slaves.

Inan enterprising free black from Massachusetts named Paul Cuffe transported, at his own expense, 38 free blacks to West Africa. His undertaking showed that at least some free blacks were eager to resettle in a country of their own, and suggested what might be possible with public and even government support.

The "American Colonization Society" soon won backing from some of the young nation's most prominent citizens. Douglas, and Abraham Lincoln were members. Clay presided at the group's first meeting. In enforcing the Act, Mercer suggested to President James Monroe that if blacks were simply returned to the coast of Africa and released, they would probably be re-enslaved, and possibly some returned to the United States.

Accordingly, and in cooperation with the Society, Monroe sent agents to acquire territory on Africa's West coast -- a step that led to the founding of the country now known as Liberia. Its capital city was named Monrovia in honor of the American President.

While only free blacks were at first brought over, afterslaves were freed expressly for the purpose of transporting them to Liberia.

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Inblack settlers declared Liberia an independent republic, with an American-style flag and constitution. That our Senators and Representatives in Congress be, and they are hereby requested, in the name of the State of Indiana, to call for a change of national policy on the subject of the African Slave Trade, and that they require a settlement of the coast of Africa with colored men from the United States, and procure such changes in our relations with England as will permit us to transport colored men from this country to Africa, with whom to effect said settlement.

Blair, quoting Thomas Jefferson, stated that blacks could never be accepted as the equals of whites, and, consequently, urged support for a dual policy of emancipation and deportation, similar to Spain's expulsion of the Moors.

Blair went on to argue that the territory acquired for the purpose would also serve as a bulwark against any further encroachment by England in the Central and South American regions. Lincoln joined Clay's embryonic Whig party during the s.

In an address given inLincoln described Clay as "my beau ideal of a statesman, the man for whom I fought all of my humble life.Packing slaves onto a deck of a slave ship called The Brookes.. The iconic Brookes print, designed in Plymouth, UK, in depicted the conditions on board the slave ship The image portrayed slaves arranged in accordance with the Regulated Slave Trade Act of John Legend says that America needs to know about the "true American heroes" of 'Underground' & the canceled series needs a new home.

Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of human chattel enslavement, primarily of Africans and African Americans, that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Slavery had been practiced in British America from early colonial days, and was legal in all Thirteen Colonies at the time of the Declaration of Independence in Abolitionism (or the abolitionist movement) is the movement to end term can be used formally or informally.

In Western Europe and the Americas, abolitionism is a historical movement in effort to end the African and Indian slave trade and set slaves free. King Charles I of Spain, usually known as Emperor Charles V, was following the example of Louis X of France who abolished. Wisdom from one of America's greatest orators and writers, who rose from the shackles of slavery.

1. “Right is of no sex, Truth is of no color, God is the Father of us all, and we are all Brethren.” Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave () 3. “They cannot degrade Frederick Douglass. The soul that is within. Feb 25,  · Frederick Douglass drew on many influences during his life as an orator, journalist and anti-slavery activist.

Few, however, are more unlikely than the man he met in , during a two-year lecture tour of Ireland, Scotland and England: Daniel O’Connell.

SparkNotes: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: Chapter X (continued)