Micheal faraday

Michael Faraday was born on 22 September in south London. His family was not well off and Faraday received only a basic formal education.

Micheal faraday

See Article History Michael Faraday, born September 22,NewingtonSurreyEngland—died August 25,Hampton Court, SurreyEnglish physicist and chemist whose many experiments contributed greatly to the understanding of electromagnetism.

Faraday, who became one of the greatest scientists of the 19th century, began his career as a chemist. His major contribution, however, was in the field of electricity and magnetism. He was the first to produce an electric current from a magnetic fieldinvented the first electric motor and dynamodemonstrated the relation between electricity and chemical bondingdiscovered the effect of magnetism on lightand discovered and named diamagnetismthe peculiar behaviour of certain substances in strong magnetic fields.

He provided the experimental, and a good deal of the theoretical, foundation upon which James Clerk Maxwell erected classical electromagnetic field theory.

His father was a blacksmith who had migrated from the north of England earlier in to look for work. His mother was a country woman of great calm and wisdom who supported her son emotionally through a difficult childhood.

Faraday was one of four children, all of whom were hard put to get enough to eat, since their father was often ill and incapable of working steadily. Faraday later recalled being given one loaf of bread that had to last him for a week. The family belonged to a small Christian sect, called Sandemaniansthat provided spiritual sustenance to Faraday throughout his life.

It was the single most important influence upon him and strongly affected the way in which he approached and interpreted nature. At an early age he began to earn money by delivering newspapers for a book dealer and bookbinder, and at the age of 14 he was apprenticed to the man.

Early life

Unlike the other apprentices, Faraday took the opportunity to read some of the books brought in for rebinding. Using old bottles and lumber, he made a crude electrostatic generator and did simple experiments.

He also built a weak voltaic pile with which he performed experiments in electrochemistry. Faraday went, sat absorbed with it all, recorded the lectures in his notes, and returned to bookbinding with the seemingly unrealizable hope of entering the temple of science.

He sent a bound copy of his notes to Davy along with a letter asking for employment, but there was no opening. Davy did not forget, however, and, when one of his laboratory assistants was dismissed for brawling, he offered Faraday a job.

When Faraday joined Davy inDavy was in the process of revolutionizing the chemistry of the day. Antoine-Laurent Lavoisierthe Frenchman generally credited with founding modern chemistry, had effected his rearrangement of chemical knowledge in the s and s by insisting upon a few simple principles.

Among these was that oxygen was a unique elementin that it was the only supporter of combustion and was also the element that lay at the basis of all acids. Davy, after having discovered sodium and potassium by using a powerful current from a galvanic battery to decompose oxides of these elements, turned to the decomposition of muriatic hydrochloric acidone of the strongest acids known.

The products of the decomposition were hydrogen and a green gas that supported combustion and that, when combined with waterproduced an acid. Davy concluded that this gas was an element, to which he gave the name chlorineand that there was no oxygen whatsoever in muriatic acid.

Acidity, therefore, was not the result of the presence of an acid-forming element but of some other condition. What else could that condition be but the physical form of the acid molecule itself?

Davy suggested, then, that chemical properties were determined not by specific elements alone but also by the ways in which these elements were arranged in molecules.

This theory, proposed in the 18th century by Ruggero Giuseppe Boscovichargued that atoms were mathematical points surrounded by alternating fields of attractive and repulsive forces.

A true element comprised a single such point, and chemical elements were composed of a number of such points, about which the resultant force fields could be quite complicated.

Micheal faraday

Molecules, in turn, were built up of these elements, and the chemical qualities of both elements and compounds were the results of the final patterns of force surrounding clumps of point atoms. One property of such atoms and molecules should be specifically noted:Michael Faraday, who came from a very poor family, became one of the greatest scientists in history.

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His achievement was remarkable in a time when science was usually the . Who Was Michael Faraday? Without the work of British scientist and inventor Michael Faraday, many of the things we take for granted, such as computers, generators, and electricity to our homes.

Early life. Michael Faraday was born in the country village of Newington, Surrey, now a part of South London. His father was a blacksmith who had migrated from the north of England earlier in to look for work. His mother was a country woman of great calm and wisdom who supported her son emotionally through a difficult childhood.

Michael Faraday (born Sept. 22, ) was a British physicist and chemist who is best known for his discoveries of electromagnetic induction and of the laws of electrolysis. His biggest breakthrough in electricity was his invention of the electric motor.

Born in to a poor family in the. Faraday and Humphry Davy. There was, seemingly, little chance that Michael Faraday, bookbinder’s apprentice, would ever become anything other than Michael Faraday, attheheels.com one of Riebau’s customers offered him tickets to Davy’s lectures at the Royal Institution.

Early life. Michael Faraday was born in the country village of Newington, Surrey, now a part of South London. His father was a blacksmith who had migrated from the north of England earlier in to look for work. His mother was a country woman of great calm and wisdom who supported her son emotionally through a difficult childhood. Michael Faraday (born Sept. 22, ) was a British physicist and chemist who is best known for his discoveries of electromagnetic induction and of the laws of electrolysis. His biggest breakthrough in electricity was his invention of the electric motor. Born in to a poor family in the. Faraday received only the rudiments of an education, learning to read, write, and cipher in a church Sunday school. At an early age he began to earn money by delivering newspapers for a book dealer and bookbinder, and at the age of 14 he was apprenticed to the man. Unlike the other apprentices.

Faraday received only the rudiments of an education, learning to read, write, and cipher in a church Sunday school. At an early age he began to earn money by delivering newspapers for a book dealer and bookbinder, and at the age of 14 he was apprenticed to the man.

Unlike the other apprentices.

Micheal faraday
Michael Faraday - Biography, Facts and Pictures