Name any two ways of providing fullness to a garment. Give one advantage and one disadvantage of natural fabric. What kind of fabric is used for test fitting? What was its called and why was it used?
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Darts are deceptively simple things. Those little sewn triangles of fabric may seem like just one small feature of a sewing pattern, but they are actually responsible for the basic structure of almost any garment. Knowing just a little bit about them will help you better understand your sewing patterns and give you more confidence to make alterations.
Imagine an average female body in your mind, but instead of thinking about it as a body, think about it as a geometric shape. What can we say about it? Well first, like any object in space, it has three dimensions: The challenge of making a fitted garment is sculpting a piece of fabric around all of these curves, and darts are the tool to do just that.
Curves to be aware of when making a garment. Take a look at this dress form and notice where it curves. The biggest curves are obviously the bust and the derriere.
Then there are the more subtle curves of the upper back and the lower belly. All of these need to be accommodated in a fitted garment. A difference of 6 inches between the bust and waist. The high point of each of these curves is known as the apex. Now imagine a very simple shapeless top on this dress form.
A plain, shapeless bodice. Once the dart is stitched, the waist would be 30 inches and the bust would be 36 inches.
The top would be fitted exactly to the waist and bust: Darts control fullness at the waist while keeping the fullness at the bust. This method of removing fullness using darts is called dart control, and it is the foundation of clothing design. In a very basic fitted dress, the most common darts are shown below.
Notice how the tips of each dart point to the apex of each of the curves we noted earlier. The designer can add darts, remove darts, or rotate them around the apex in numerous ways to achieve different designs. The wider the dart is, the more fullness you will get at the apex.
So a big, wide dart here would accommodate a large, full bust, while a smaller dart would fit a smaller, less full bust. You can use these principles to make adjustments to your patterns in order to get a better fit if you have a large or small bust.
If you look at the typical darts shown here, you will notice that the larger curves we talked about the bust and the butt have wider darts. Some typical darts on a dress. But they too were most likely designed using the principles of dart control.
There are lots of ways to control fullness in a design, such as gathering, tucks, pintucks, or pleats. So once a pattern is created using darts, the darts can be converted into one of these other design details very easily. Darts can be turned into gathers. A dart can also be converted into a seam!
Take a look at this version. It starts out with a dart at the waistline.curve. If you have a large body curve, two small darts will usually fit better than one large dart. Always check dart placement and make any necessary adjustments before permanently stitching and pressing.
How to Lower/Raise Darts On the garment or the pattern (when pattern-fitting), mark the bust point with a pin. Remove pin basting or dart stitching. attheheels.com IN HOME ECONOMICS PROCESSES IN GARMENT CONSTRUCTION Course sub-title Add School/Department name here. we provide you with a list of additional resources at the end of this COURSE GUIDE; these fullness use two methods to introduce fullness in the garment.
Timeframe. Ruffle: A strip of fabric cut or handled in such a way as to create fullness. Seam: The joining of two pieces of fabric by sewing.
Seam Allowance: The amount of fabric between the . There are lots of ways to control fullness in a design, such as gathering, tucks, pintucks, or pleats. They work in much the same way, by .
This paper comprised two sections, Section A, which consisted of three compulsory questions, and Section B, which consisted of four questions from which the candidates were required to choose any two.
controlling fullness in garment construction and the methods of finishing raw edges. provide correct responses to this question and were.
HOW TO CONTROL FULLNESS IN GARMENTS. darts. Single Pointed Darts- 1. Mark the dart attheheels.com the dart attheheels.com sewing and backstitch 4. Sew to edge and do not backstitch attheheels.com the dart attheheels.com the dart 3. Start in the middle of the dart and backstitch one way 4. Sew to edge and do not backstitch 5.
Cut thread and hand tie a .