Chiasmus was particularly popular in the literature of the ancient world, including HebrewGreekand Latinwhere it was used to articulate the balance of order within the text. For example, many long and complex chiasmi have been found in Shakespeare  and the Greek and Hebrew texts of the Bible. This process, termed "conceptual chiasmus", uses a criss-crossing rhetorical structure to cause an overlapping of "intellectual space".
A figure of speech that repeats the same word or phrase at the end of successive clauses, i. An hour of wolves and shattered shields, when the age of men comes crashing down, but it is not this day.
This day we fight! It was whispered by slaves and abolitionists as they blazed a trail towards freedom through the darkest of nights: It was sung by immigrants as they struck out from distant shores and pioneers who pushed westward against an unforgiving wilderness: One of the most common rhetorical devices, this deliberately contrasts two opposing ideas in consecutive phrases or sentences.
Unreasonable men adapt the world to themselves. That's why all progress depends on unreasonable men" - George Bernard Shaw "No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. The successive use of different syllables with the same or similar vowel sounds in words with different consonants.
It is similar to rhyme, but can be used with similar sounding words, as in the Churchill example.
A lack of conjunctions e. A very effective technique where the words in one phrase or clause are reversed in the next. Kennedy, Inaugural Address "When the going gets tough, the tough get going" - unknown "Whether we bring our enemies to justice or bring justice to our enemies, justice will be done"- President George W Bush "If black men have no rights in the eyes of the white men, of course the whites can have none in the eyes of the blacks" - Frederick Douglass "The true test is not the speeches the president delivers; it's if the president delivers on the speeches" - Hilary Clinton "I'd rather be looked over than overlooked" - Mae West again "Is man one of God's blunders or God one of man's blunders?
A figure of speech where words or phrases are arranged in order of increasing importance or emphasis. This repeats a word or phrase after an intervening word or phrase. An elaboration on a particular meaning of a word in order to prevent any misunderstanding or ambiguity: The substitution of the name of a famous person recognized or famous for a particular attribute, for that attribute.
While finding new or infrequently used ones is best, it is also more difficult, because the name-and-attribute relationship needs to be well established: A word or short phrase that interrupts normal speech in order to lend emphasis to the words immediately next to it: The deliberate exaggeration for emphasis or effect, i.
It must be clearly intended as an exaggeration, and should be used sparingly to be effective. That is, don'tt exaggerate everything, but treat hyperbole like an exclamation point, to be used only occasionally.
It did what it always has done in all its times of peril.An antithesis is used when the writer employs two sentences of contrasting meanings in close proximity to one another. Whether they are words or phrases of the same sentence, an antithesis is used to create a stark contrast using two divergent elements that come together to create one uniform whole.
Examples to help you understand. Yes, I'd like to receive Word of the Day emails from attheheels.com Rhetorical devices and how to use them to make your presentations powerful, effectiv and memorable.
SPRING undergraduate courses-updated (click attheheels.com) SPRING graduate courses-updated (click attheheels.com) The Classics program offers an undergraduate major and minor in both the B.A.
and B.S. degrees. Students pursuing a major or minor in Classics study Latin and/or Ancient Greek, Ancient History, Mythology and Folklore, and Ancient Philosophy.
In grammar, parallelism, also known as parallel structure or parallel construction, is a balance within one or more sentences of similar phrases or clauses that have the same grammatical structure. The application of parallelism affects readability and may make texts easier to process.
Parallelism may be accompanied by other figures of speech such as antithesis, anaphora, asyndeton, climax.
I. What is Sarcasm? Sarcasm is a form of verbal irony that mocks, ridicules, or expresses contempt.
It’s really more a tone of voice than a rhetorical attheheels.com’re saying the opposite of what you mean (verbal irony) and doing it in a particularly hostile tone.