Youth Gangs and Structural Theories - Agency vs. That is, people commit crime when, in their calculations, the possible rewards from that act of crime outweighs the potential punishment. However, with the development of the study of criminology, many criminologists began to consider and argue for the significance and role of structure and its influence on deviant behaviour. This paper will explore the benefits and limitations of accepting the structural theories in relation to the issue of youth gang violence.
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Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Please contact mpub-help umich. For more information, read Michigan Publishing's access and usage policy. Abstract Violence is not a single kind of activity, but rather a socially defined category of activities that share some common features.
This article presents a social perspective on violence that calls attention to the meanings of violence and to other social factors that promote and support or, alternatively, oppose and restrict violence. Implications for prevention and intervention are examined.
Electronic mail may be sent via Internet to blume oakland. Violence is a social phenomenon. For an action to be considered violent, it needs a victim or a group of victims.
The interpersonal nature of violence seems to call for explanations or understandings that also are interpersonal. Rather than look inside the perpetrator for the causes of violence, Social theories gang violence perspectives look in the social situation for factors that may explain why violence is not universal but instead varies in frequency and intensity.
The social question is not, "Why does violence occur? Rather, this review is intended to help prevent violence by contributing to the understandings of the social influences contributing to violence. Social Realities People's individual experiences become social as they are shared.
Individuals can be in the same place or be exposed to the same events electronically, or they can use a symbolic means to communicate their experiences to others. It is the combined experiences of many individuals, shared in these ways, that makes up a culture, a society, or a family.
Within cultures, societies, and families, shared experiences are organized into categories of events referred to variously as concepts, constructs, and schemas. The social construction of reality occurs naturally at an informal level.
An older person is jostled by a group of young people, returns to his or her peers, and talks about how and where it occurred, about who was present and how the bystanders responded, and about the characteristics of the assailants, etc.
As such accounts are shared, a social group builds a model of common experience in which the personal experience becomes universal and members of the group see each other and their social world in similar ways. It is not only the "victim" who participates in constructing such accounts; the "aggressor" as well relives the experience with others who see the event in similar ways e.
In many cases, the account works to justify further or increased violence Staub, In the formal process of theory-building, scholars also attempt to understand and to explain social phenomena. Scholars are expected to recognize the limitations of their shared experience, rather than to generalize their conclusions to all people and all situations.
Scholars are also expected to be careful and methodical about their ways of gathering and handling information. Theorists may organize events sequentially, looking at the causal factors and consequences of violence, or they may organize events into abstractions—such as levels of violence or forces acting on individuals to create violence.
As opposed to popular accounts, formal theories are supposed to undergo a rigorous examination to determine their validity their faithfulness to the data and their usefulness. Quite different theories may each be useful in different ways, and each may also be valid as it describes a part of the whole experience.
Some social theorists have attempted to create "metatheories" that incorporate and reconcile a number of more limited, specific theories. Social Theories: How It Relates to Gangs & Gang Violence By Stuart Brown Criminology is a complex subject chock-full of theories that attempt to explain crime and criminal behavior.
Each base theory has several branches of theory which expand upon and compliment their predecessors. Sociological Theories and Gang Violence Essay. Abstract The sociological analysis of gang membership explores the different types of effects that arise due to criminal involvement - Sociological Theories and Gang Violence Essay introduction.
Because of the social conflicts that are associated with gang membership, this paper will explore the different theories of social learning and both personal and . Social Theories: How It Relates to Gangs & Gang Violence By Stuart Brown Criminology is a complex subject chock-full of theories that attempt to explain crime and criminal behavior.
Social process theory branches off in three other major theories; social learning theory, social control theory, and social reaction theory.
Social process theorists would agree that people join gangs because they do not have good influences in their life or ties to different organizations that would keep them out of . Explanations of the Causes (Etiology) of Gang Behavior Introduction: The purpose of this lecture is to discuss the MAJOR That there is no one grand theory of gang behavior.
To understand the causes of gang behavior, one must look at several theories and breakdown in social norms, and places with a large concentration of underclass. Social learning theory has been applied to a wide variety of criminal, delinquent, and deviant behavior.
The current study examines the utility of applying selected elements of the theory to the examination of youth gangs.