Spanish American wars of independence Spanish colonialization in the Americas. The Libertadores Spanish and Portuguese for "Liberators" were the principal leaders of the Spanish American wars of independence.
Enjoy the Famous Daily New European empires: This situation changes abruptly in the 16th century, when Spain and Portugal become the pioneers in a new era of colonization. The Iberian peninsula is well poised at the time for this leap into the unknown. In their great voyages of discoveryin the 15th century, the Portuguese have developed ocean-going skills which are eagerly copied by their Spanish neighbours.
Spain's internal conflicts of recent centuries have recently been resolved with the union of Castile and Aragon and then, inthe conquest of Granada.
The island of Hispaniola (La Isla Española), which today is occupied by the nations of Haiti and the Dominican Republic, was one of several landfalls Christopher Columbus made during his first voyage to the New World in Of course, discrimination and repression were features of Spanish colonial rule throughout its history. Spain's government in Madrid tried hard to govern the New World, despite its distance from Europe. Spanish Colonization ( - ) Early Spanish expeditions Ferdinand Magellan arrived in the Philippines in The Philippine islands first came to the attention of Europeans with the Spanish expedition around the world led by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in
Two voyages in the s lay the foundations for the future empires. Columbussailing west for Spainstumbles upon America in Vasco da Gamaadventuring south and east for Portugal, reaches India in Spaniards in a new world: By the entire continental shore of the Caribbean Sea has been explored from Honduras to the mouth of the Orinoco.
Known at first as Tierra Firme a phrase applied to the isthmus of Panamait is believed to be part of the coast of Asia - until Vespucci 's furthest journey south gives him a different impression, which becomes gradually accepted. During the first decade of the century the only secure Spanish settlement in the new world is Santo Domingo, on the island of Hispaniola, established in by Diego Columbus, brother of the explorer.
Thereafter the speed of Spanish expansion and consolidation over a vast region is astonishing. Bywith the conquest of Cuba and the founding of Havana, the islands of the Caribbean are under Spanish control. They become the launch pad for further adventures. The Aztec kingdom in Mexico is conquered infollowed by a campaign against the Maya in Yucatan.
Central America, from Guatemala to Nicaragua, is brought under Spanish control between and In the southern part of the continent the coast of Venezuela where the rich pearl fisheries are a powerful lure is the first region to attract Spanish settlers, from Down the west coast, the Inca kingdom in Peru is overwhelmed in ; Ecuador and Colombia are subdued later in the s; and most of Chile is gradually brought under control during the s.
On the east coast of the continent Argentina, around the river Plate, is colonized from the s. Brazilmeanwhile, is developing in Portuguese hands. This half-century of activity by a single nation, Spain, on the other side of a vast ocean, in an age of relatively primitive sailing vesselsis perhaps unparalleled in history.The violence that accompanied the European colonization of the Indigenous people of Mesoamerica is a well-known fact.
Historians have elaborated on the devastating effects such colonization had on Indigenous societies, cultures, and mortality. New European empires: 16th century: Since the fall of Rome, there has been no empire based in Europe which extends outside the continent.
This situation changes abruptly in the 16th century, when Spain and Portugal become the pioneers in a new era of colonization. The Spaniards as Colonial Masters.
Spain reigned over the Philippines for years, from to since Spain was far from the country, the Spanish king ruled the Islands through the viceroy of Mexico, which was then another Spanish colony.
When Mexico regained its freedom in , the Spanish king ruled the Philippines through a governor general. The start of the European Colonization of the Americas is typically dated to , although there was at least one earlier colonization effort.
The first known Europeans to reach the Americas are believed to have been the Vikings ("Norse") during the eleventh century, who established several colonies in Greenland and one short-lived settlement at L'Anse aux Meadows in the area the Norse called.
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Winner, Oscar G. Brockett Book Prize in Dance Research, Honorable Mention, Sally Banes Publication Prize. The Spanish conquest of Mexico is generally understood to be the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire (–21) which was the base for later conquests of other regions. Later conquests were protracted campaigns with less spectacular results than the conquest of the Aztecs.