His early life and education were not strictly documented although it can be surmised from his works that he could read French, Latin, and Italian. InChaucer was given a life pension by the king, and began traveling abroad on diplomatic missions. Chaucer was named Controller of Customs on wools, skins, and hides for the port of London inand continued in this post for twelve years. Chaucer established residence in Kent, where he was elected a justice of the peace and a member of Parliament in
History[ edit ] The oldest love poem. Sumerian terracotta tablet from Nippur, Iraq. Ancient Orient Museum, Istanbul The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate.
September Learn how and when to remove this template message Some scholars believe that the art of poetry may predate literacy.
Epic poetry, including the Odysseythe Gathasand the Indian Vedasappears to have been composed in poetic form as an aid to memorization and oral transmission, in prehistoric and ancient societies. The earliest entries in the oldest extant collection of Chinese poetrythe Shijingwere initially lyrics.
Notably, the existing fragments of Aristotle 's Poetics describe three genres of poetry—the epic, the comic, and the tragic—and develop rules to distinguish the highest-quality poetry in each genre, based on the underlying purposes of the genre. This approach remained influential into the 20th century.
Yet other modernists challenge the very attempt to define poetry as misguided.
Numerous modernist poets have written in non-traditional forms or in what traditionally would have been considered prose, although their writing was generally infused with poetic diction and often with rhythm and tone established by non- metrical means.
While there was a substantial formalist reaction within the modernist schools to the breakdown of structure, this reaction focused as much on the development of new formal structures and syntheses as on the revival of older forms and structures.
Postmodernism goes beyond modernism's emphasis on the creative role of the poet, to emphasize the role of the reader of a text Hermeneuticsand to highlight the complex cultural web within which a poem is read. The literary critic Geoffrey Hartman has used the phrase "the anxiety of demand" to describe contemporary response to older poetic traditions as "being fearful that the fact no longer has a form", building on a trope introduced by Emerson.
Emerson had maintained that in the debate concerning poetic structure where either "form" or "fact" could predominate, that one need simply "Ask the fact for the form.Chaucer then makes a retraction, asking to be forgiven for his sins, including having written The Canterbury Tales.
themes · The pervasiveness of courtly love, the importance of company, the corruption of the church. The Canterbury Tales (Middle English: Tales of Caunterbury) is a collection of 24 stories that runs to over 17, lines written in Middle English by Geoffrey Chaucer between and In , Chaucer became Controller of Customs and Justice of Peace and, in , Clerk of the King's work.
It was during these years that Chaucer began working on his most famous text, The Canterbury Tales. Chaucer's early work is heavily influenced by love poetry of the French tradition, including the Romaunt of the Rose (c. ) and Saint Cecilia (c.
), later used as the "Second Nun's Tale" in the Canterbury Tales. The Host (Harry Bailey) The owner of the Tabard Inn, who volunteers to travel with the pilgrims. He promises to keep everyone happy, be their guide and arbiter in disputes, and judge the tales.
The Knight Socially the most prominent person on the pilgrimage, epitomizing chivalry, truth, and honor. To conclude our lesson, The Canterbury Tales were written in the late 14th century by Geoffrey Chaucer.
Through this work, Chaucer wove Renaissance ideals into . The Canterbury Tales is by far Chaucer’s best known and most acclaimed work.
Initially Chaucer had planned for each of his characters to tell four stories a piece.