The Acropolis of Athens by Leo von Klenze. Athens is often regarded [i] as the birthplace of democracy and remains an important reference-point for democracy.
The Corinthian land is a portion of the Argive, and is named after Corinthus.
That Corinthus was a son of Zeus I have never known anybody say seriously except the majority of the Corinthians. Eumelus, the son of Amphilytus, 1 of the family called Bacchidae, who is said to have composed the epic poem, says in his Corinthian History if indeed the history be his that Ephyra, the daughter of Oceanus, dwelt first in this land; that afterwards Marathon, the son of Epopeus, the son of Aloeus, the son of Helius Sunfleeing from the lawless violence of his father migrated to the sea coast of Attica; that on the death of Epopeus he came to Peloponnesus, divided his kingdom among his sons, and returned to Attica; and that Asopia was renamed after Sicyon, and Ephyraea after Corinthus.
This change is due to the Achaean League. When the Romans won the war, they carried out a general disarmament of the Greeks 3 and dismantled the walls of such cities as were fortified. Corinth was laid waste by Mummius, who at that time commanded the Romans in the field, and it is said that it was afterwards refounded by Caesar, 4 who was the author of the present constitution of Rome.
Carthage, too, they say, was refounded in his reign.
Here they say that Phaea was bred; overcoming this sow was one of the traditional achievements of Theseus. Farther on the pine still grew by the shore at the time of my visit, and there was an altar of Melicertes. At this place, they say, the boy was brought ashore by a dolphin; Sisyphus found him lying and gave him burial on the Isthmus, establishing the Isthmian games in his honor.
All those whom he overcame in fight he used to tie to the trees, and then allow them to swing up again. Thereupon each of the pines used to drag to itself the bound man, and as the bond gave way in neither direction but was stretched equally in both, he was torn in two.
This was the way in which Sinis himself was slain by Theseus. For Theseus rid of evildoers the road from Troezen to Athens, killing those whom I have enumerated and, in sacred Epidaurus, Periphetes, thought to be the son of Hephaestus, who used to fight with a bronze club.
For this is what makes the region to the south mainland. He who tried to make the Peloponnesus an island gave up before digging through the Isthmus. Where they began to dig is still to be seen, but into the rock they did not advance at all.
So it still is mainland as its nature is to be. Alexander the son of Philip wished to dig through Mimas, and his attempt to do this was his only unsuccessful project.
The Cnidians began to dig through their isthmus, but the Pythian priestess stopped them. So difficult it is for man to alter by violence what Heaven has made.
The Corinthians say that Poseidon had a dispute with Helius Sun about the land, and that Briareos arbitrated between them, assigning to Poseidon the Isthmus and the parts adjoining, and giving to Helius the height above the city.
Ever since, they say, the Isthmus has belonged to Poseidon. Within the sanctuary of the god stand on the one side portrait statues of athletes who have won victories at the Isthmian games, on the other side pine trees growing in a row, the greater number of them rising up straight.
On the temple, which is not very large, stand bronze Tritons. In the fore-temple are images, two of Poseidon, a third of Amphitrite, and a Sea, which also is of bronze.
The offerings inside were dedicated in our time by Herodes the Athenian, four horses, gilded except for the hoofs, which are of ivory, [2. On the car stand Amphitrite and Poseidon, and there is the boy Palaemon upright upon a dolphin.SEEDS OF DEMOCRACY Ancient Greek culture is very important for the humankind.
Nowadays, we see that our science and math knowledge goes back to Ancient Greek, and our art, literature and philosophy are coming from the Ancient Greek culture too.
Period Date Region/state Notes; Ancient: B.C: Ancient Greece: Various forms of rule, ultimately resulting in Athenian Democracy, a form of “direct democracy,” as opposed to representative democracy.
excerpts from the book On Democracy by Robert A. Dahl Yale University Press, p11 THE MEDITERRANEAN It was in classical Greece and Rome around B.C.. that systems of government providing for popular participation by a substantial number of citizens were first established on foundations so solid that, with occasional changes, they endured for centuries.
Roti & Paratha Roti is ancient, parata/paratha, a related bread, dates to the 10th century.
Naan is an oval roti and made from wine white maida. Roti was introduced to the Caribbean by Indian immigrants. "Roti. A general Indian term for bread. Black Britain (3) There are many portraits of common Blacks still in existence in Europe, for those still not convinced of the degenerate lying nature of the Albinos, we offer their explanation for these native European Blacks - THEY'RE AFRICANS!
The glory of ancient Greece, was one of the heights of the ancient world; its ideals have influenced the political development of our Western culture at least as much as Christianity has religion, if not more.